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California’s Deep Secret

Courtesy of greendiary.com

Below the City of Angeles lies a deep secret. Los Angeles and the rest of the Golden State, sits atop ground that according to seismologists will undoubtedly be tested within the next 30 years.

Residents living in the state of California face danger from an impending earthquake that will rock the rector scale. According to Science daily, the impending quake may be large enough to visually change the landscape of the state, displacing thousands of Californians or perhaps millions.

Cities in Danger

A recent finding by Science Daily reveals, “California has more than a 99% chance of having a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake within the next 30 year” with, “the probability of a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake striking the greater Los Angeles area 67%, and in the San Francisco Bay Area 63%”.
According to the United States Census Bureau, California is home to some 36,457,549 million people. Some live directly in harms way near or above the San Andreas or Hayward faults.

Future Impacts of the Quake

Experts warn that the San Andreas and the Hayward faults are two of the most dangerous geological faults in the state of California.  The San Andreas Fault nearly spans the entire state, stretching from Eureka to the Desert Hot Springs. While the Hayward fault is concentrated in the densely populated northern portion of the state, extending from Berkley to San Jose.
The U.S. Geological Survey indicates that only an estimated 10-percent of the Bay Area’s population is ready for the “big one.” Highlighting that if the earthquake hits along the Hayward fault, it could leave “100,000 people homeless, 58 buildings destroyed and more than 200 buildings heavily damaged.” Total losses are expected to exceed $28 billion dollars and several thousand deaths are likely to occur.

Current Preparation
As resident’s brace for the “big one”, scientists are working to better understand the seismic activities occurring under the state of California. For the next 15 years they plan to monitor each tremor by drilling a two-mile hole into the San Andreas Fault. The highly active fault is described by The Independent Newspaper as an “800-mile crack in the Earth’s crust where the Pacific Ocean plate grinds past the North American plate.”

Earthquake Progression Simulator

Chai C

c.collins@my.westminster.ac.uk

Sources:

http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local&id=5712153

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080414203459.htm

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/shock-tactics-dynamiting-the-san-andreas-fault-473847.html

http://www.usgs.gov/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7679132.stm

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October 19, 2008 Posted by | Chai- Int'l Current Affairs | , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment